According to the American Dental Association, periodontal disease is an infection that affects the tissues and bone that support teeth. This infection can potentially lead to your losing your teeth if you do not seek treatment. This is why it is essential for you to make regular dental appointments, as a dental professional knows how to spot mouth infections in their earliest stages.
Common causes of periodontal disease
Thinking periodontal disease is only caused by improper oral care? While not brushing, not flossing and not making regular dental appointments are the main reason for being diagnosed with gum disease, other causes exist. This includes but is not limited to smoking, taking certain medications, having teeth that are not as straight as they should be, living with nutritional deficiencies, being pregnant and having a family history.
Treating periodontal disease
The following is a list of four ways in which periodontal disease is treated. It will simply depend on how advanced the disease is when it comes to what type of treatment is needed.
Professional dental cleanings
Professional dental cleaning involves a dental professional removing any plaque or tartar present, even when it is below the gum line. While regular brushing and flossing are essential to good oral health, professional dental cleanings are necessary to remove any plaque or tartar buildup. This treatment option is used for dental patients who are in their first stage of periodontal disease.
Scaling and root planing
Scaling and root planing is a deep cleaning procedure that is used for treating hardened plaque and tartar, also known as calculus. The procedure removes all of the calculus and then smooths any rough spots caused by the removal. This treatment option is used for dental patients who are in their second, third and fourth stage of periodontal disease.
Flap surgery is an option for treating severe periodontal disease. This surgical procedure lifts the gums in order to remove any existing tartar. When the gum tissue is placed back, the dental professional will be sure that the tissue fits well around the tooth area as reducing spaces for bacteria to grow is a priority. This treatment option is used for dental patients who are in their fourth stage of periodontal disease or worse.
Soft tissue grafts and/or bone grafts
A soft tissue graft is a surgical procedure that is used to strengthen the gums or add more tissue to receded gum areas. The soft tissue used to treat the gum problems is often taken from the roof of the mouth. A bone graft is a surgical procedure that replaces bone lost as a result of periodontal disease. The bone used to treat the bone loss can be the patient’s own bone, donated bone or synthetic bone. This treatment option is used for dental patients who are in their fourth stage of periodontal disease or worse.
When was your last dental appointment?
Regular dental appointments are essential to treating periodontal disease in its earliest stages. Some dentists will recommend that their patients come in once a year, while other dentists will recommend twice a year. It will simply depend on your particular situation when it comes to how often you should make your dental appointments. Contact our office today for a consultation.
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